Penn State Media Sales / History

History DVDs Offered by Penn State Media Sales

Expo - Magic of the White City

Narrated by Gene Wilder Nearly 28 million visit the fair. Dubbed the "White City," it inspires future innovators like Henry Ford and Frank Lloyd Wright, debuts the Ferris Wheel and Cracker Jack ©, and, in many ways, marks the beginning of the 20th century. Against the backdrop of the 1893's troubles with workers' rights, prejudice, discrimination and corruption, the World's Columbian Exposition casts a brief ray of hope for the future of humanity in Magic of the White City. Expo - Magic of the White City immerses viewers in one of the world's biggest extravaganzas in history.

Dirt Track Memories

Hear the noise, feel the speed, and see the mud flying. Travel to the races. Join the fans in the stands, the crews in the pits, and the drivers on the track. Take a look back at the way it was in the old days, the way it is now, and how it's being kept alive. Find out how important Pennsylvania was in the development of dirt track auto racing. Visit two racing car museums, and meet some of the drivers that made Pennsylvania racing what it is today.

Horses of Gettysburg

Narrated by Ronald F. Maxwell, director of the American Civil War epic films "Gettysburg" and "Gods and Generals," "Horses of Gettysburg" captures the relationship between soldiers and the horses that they so desparately depended on for their survival. This American Civil War documentary tells the story of the estimated 72,000 horses and mules that fought the Battle of Gettysburg and uncovers the strategies emplyed to ensure the millions of animals in service with the North and the South remained healthy and well-trained for action.

Lincoln and Lee at Antietam: The Cost of Freedom

It's September 17, 1862 and President Abraham Lincoln needs a victory in order to issue the Emancipation Proclamation and end slavery in the South. But Robert E. Lee has other plans -- invade the North. When Lee's strategy falls into the hands of the Union Army, the result is the single bloodiest day in American Civil War history at th eBattle of Antietam in Sharpsburg, Maryland. Gettysburg

Silent Wings

From the early race to build gliders to the D-Day invasion at Normandy and Nazi Germany's final surrender, Silent Wings - The American Glider Pilots of WWII narrated by Hal Holbrook, reveals the critical role gliders played in World War II offensives. Through rare archival footage and photographs, the film places the audience right at the center of the action in the dangerous world of the American glider pilot. During WWII, 6000 young Americans volunteered to fly large unarmed cargo gliders into battle. For these glider pilots every mission was do-or-die. It was their task to repeatedly risk their lives landing the men and tools of war deep within enemy-held territory, often in complete darkness. Thousands of lives were saved and battles won because of their efforts. In fact, one pilot interviewed said - the 'G' in their emblem didn't stand for glider; it stood for 'guts'.  

Naming the Nightmare: The Journey Back from 9/11 Part 1 - Terrorism

©2002 Produced by Betsy Hutton What conditions give rise to terrorism? This program explores the historical background of terrorism, the Reign of Terror, the assassin phenomenon and how terrorim is a global issue.

Naming the Nightmare: The Journey Back from 9/11 Part 2 - Understanding Islam

©2002 Produced by Betsy Hutton Islam is the fastest growing world religion. An estimated 1.2 billion people in the world are Muslim. Learn about the history of Muhammad and the spread of Islam, the five pillars of Islam and the development of Islam as a political force.

Lisa See-Discovering The Past Journey to forgotten China

Classroom Library Rights Lisa See is a best-selling author and is considered one of the leading authorities on Chinese culture. Hear about her travels and the role heritage and history plays in her work. Lisa See is a critically acclaimed, best-selling author of novels such as: Snow Flower and the Secret Fan, Snow Flower, Peony in Love, and Shanghai Girls. See recently designed a walking tour of Los Angeles Chinatown and wrote the companion guidebook for Angels Walk LA. See serves as a Los Angeles City Commissioner on the El Pueblo de Los Angeles Monument Authority. She was honored as National Woman of the Year by the Organization of Chinese American Women in 2001 and was the recipient of the Chinese American Museum's History Makers Award in Fall 2003. From the Conversations with Penn State Series featuring Patty Satalia

Civil War Minutes III, box set - Gettysburg / Stories of Valor

Gettysburg and Stories of Valor - CivilWar Minutes® III is a two-disc box set containing 30 unique American Civil War stories capturing the scenic beauty of the Gettysburg battlefield , examining rare American Civil War artifacts and telling the personal stories of the men who fought there. A one-hour version of the film is currently airing on television stations in standard and high-definition television.

Naming the Nightmare: The Journey Back from 9/11 Part 4 - People Who Keep Us Safe

©2002 Produced by Betsy Hutton Firefighters, police and rescue workers risk their lives every day. The CDC scrambles to keep up with the latest in bio-warfare. The FBI and CIA analyze clues and conduct surveillance to prevent terroristic threats. Find out how they develop new strategies and why they are committed to their work.

Gettysburg / Stories of Valor

Keith Carradine narrates. This edition contains twelve exciting American Civil War episodes that began airing on public television stations across the country in November 2004. Episodes include: Bravery at Gettysburg; Mystery at Devil's Den; Hallowed Ground; Hancock the Superb; Confederate Gen. Lewis Armistead; The Lost Drum of Will Mayo; Our William is No More; Caught in the Crossfire; John Burns, Patriot; Culp's Hill; Destruction at John Forney's Farm; and Pickett's Charge. DVD only VHS not available.

The Miracle Planet: 1 -- The Third Planet

This six-part series presents the latest theories on the life story of Earth, a planet of intricate systems perfectly balanced and totally unique. The first program explores the origins of Earth and the events that made the planet conducive to life, focusing on meteorite craters as storehouses of history and witnesses to the birth of the world. Narrated by Bill Kurtis. Produced by KCTS, Seattle, and NHK, Japan.

Safe Harbor: A Story about the Underground Railroad

To escape from slavery was no easy task. Obstacles emerged at every turn--in the forest, over the mountains, or on the open road. But once you reached the shores of Lake Erie, you knew you had almost made it. And with the help of a few good people, you did. Safe Harbor is about the Underground Railroad in western Pennsylvania, an incredible story of strength and determinatoin told through the eyes of the fugitives themselves and the people who risked everything to help them. From free black communities to middle class white society. Produced by Lisa and Rich Gensheimer, Main Street Media

Lasansky: Inside the Image

This powerful tribute to the legendary craftsman allows you to enjoy the personality and works of Mauricio Lasansky as he opens his print room to you. "There is no point in being an artist unless everything you do is done with love for your work," Lasansky explains as he expresses his desire to help students learn the need for a passionate involvement in their works. Lasansky: Inside the Image explores how such passion drove the young, struggling artist from his native Argentina when he felt the artistic constraints of a stifling political atmosphere. When he knew it was time to seek freedom and have the chance to make it as an artist, he moved to the land of opportunity, America! Lasansky: Inside the Image follows him as he develops his unique, innovative style, inevitably gaining international recognition for the Nazi Drawings he produced in the 1960s. This insightful program probes Lasansky, the man -- whose strong sense of family and work ethic molded his dream to be the best he could be. It explores his career as an educator as he receives more Guggenheim Awards (5) than any other artist. Finally, it portrays the perfect setting for his talents: at a major university where, as a teacher, innovator, and artist, he helps inexperienced students like he once was himself, and develops one of the best printmaking departments in the country. Lasansky: Inside the Image enlightens and enriches every audience. This in-depth program displays the techniques and the colorful, intense, powerful work of Mauricio Lasansky, but most of all it exposes the wonderful philosophy that is Lasansky and provides us with a rare glimpse into the mind of one of the world's great artists. Mauricio Lasansky - artist, teacher, printmaker Born in Buenos Aires in 1914, Mauricio Lasansky was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship (one of his 5) in 1943 to study in the United States. Later he became Professor of Art at The University of Iowa. He gained fame in the 1960's with his Nazi Drawings, but is primarily known for his contributions to the art of printmaking. His prints are housed in scores of public collections throughout the world.

The Vanishing Civil War

Speaks to the issue of the obliteration of venerable Civil War battlefields by those who want to use the land for commercial purposes. Points out that the rapid growth of metropolitan areas already has threatened some of the war's most hallowed sites and explores the conflict between development and preservation; between so-called progress and sensitivity to our heritage. Host: Michael Boatman. Directed and produced by Dave Faries for Penn State Television / WPSX-TV.

Naming the Nightmare: The Journey Back from 9/11 Part 3 - Waging War

©2002 Produced by Betsy Hutton The American government is waging a two-front war on terrorism at home and abroad. On the battlefield, new technology, and tactics and an elusive target are changing the way we fight wars. At home, security precautions are raising concerns about civil liberties.

Civil War Minutes, box set - Confederate, Vol. 1 and 2

Illuminating little known history, Civil War Minutes® - Confederate features rarely told stories of both the famous and average Confederate soldiers in the American Civil War. This film reveals the intimate details of the soldiers' lives in their own words, such as their weapons of choice, their uniforms and how soldiers form fellowships during the war that last throughout their lives.

Civil War Minutes, box set - Confederate, Vol. 1 and 2

The stories behind never-before-seen photographs, letters, artifacts and hundreds of rare paintings and engravings complete the picture of the Civil War in Civil War Minutes - Union. The real lives of ordinary people who leave their homes and families behind to answer duty's call are featured. This documentary explores soldiers' everyday lives through the personal effects they carry into war.

Pennsylvania War Stories: The Lucky Ones

From hometowns across the state - Erie, Lock Haven, Altoona - they served; they survived. Pennsylvania veterans share their memorable World War II experiences in Europe, the Pacific and at home in this WPSU documentary highlighting Pennsylvania's contributions to the war effort.

Teotihuac√°n: City of the Gods

When the Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico 600 years ago, they found a mysterious city of great pyramids. ©1987

The Columbus Legacy: The Puerto Ricans -- Art as Cultural Expression

Looks at past and present difficulties of the Puerto Rican community and surveys their use of traditional art forms as a means of cultural expression. Also shows how art is used as an educational tool at the Taller Puertorriqueno art center.

The Columbus Legacy: The Scotch-Irish -- The Diffusion of American Culture

Historian Bruce Weston portrays the Scotch-Irish as a people with strong pioneering tendencies, and he points out such contributions to American culture as the McGuffey reader, the McCormick reaper, Morse code, log cabins, and presidents.

Time's Harvest: Exploring the Future -- Running Out of Water

Examines the effect of pollution, the over-pumping of groundwater supplies, and the over-damming of rivers on the quantity and quality of our water.

Lisa See-Discovering The Past Journey to forgotten China

HOME USE Lisa See is a best-selling author and is considered one of the leading authorities on Chinese culture. Hear about her travels and the role heritage and history plays in her work. Lisa See is a critically acclaimed, best-selling author of novels such as: Snow Flower and the Secret Fan, Snow Flower, Peony in Love, and Shanghai Girls. See recently designed a walking tour of Los Angeles Chinatown and wrote the companion guidebook for Angels Walk LA. See serves as a Los Angeles City Commissioner on the El Pueblo de Los Angeles Monument Authority. She was honored as National Woman of the Year by the Organization of Chinese American Women in 2001 and was the recipient of the Chinese American Museum's History Makers Award in Fall 2003. From the Conversations with Penn State Series featuring Patty Satalia

History's Ancient Legacies 3 - 3 DVDs

2001, 3 DVDs. Created to give students in the intermediate grades an authentic, atmospheric step back in time to visit the ancient world, these six historical recreations expand on the first two series. The new programs will give students a contemporary understanding of the fascinating lands of India, Japan, and China as well as introduce them to the Aztec and Celtic cultures and guide them through the England of Medieval times. DVD No. 1 Volume 1: JAPAN The story of Japan is like that of no other nation on Earth. For two thousand years, the Japanese people have lived an often-isolated life of striking contrasts. The military aspects of Japanese history are familiar to many, and this fascinating program reveals the achievement of the famous Samurai warriors with their noble Code of Bushido. But Japan is also a land of beauty and peace. Its pagodas, temples and other great monuments are the physical constructions of a people steeped in the ways of Buddhism. Rituals such as the tea ceremony also reveal a civilization deeply concerned with balance, order and calm. By examining all sides of the Japanese story, the identity of a unique society is revealed. Volume 2: INDIA For over four thousand years, the lands of India have been home to a remarkable human civilization. This fascinating program journeys through the centuries to reveal the continuing story of the Indian people. Beginning with a graphic reconstruction of an Indus Valley city of the Second Millennium BC, the Indian experience includes fabulous Dynasties of Kings, timeless belief systems and Golden Ages of culture. India's greatest buildings especially reflect the character of a unique people, culminating in the glory of the Taj Mahal, the greatest monument to human love ever constructed, and one of the most spectacular constructions anywhere on Earth. DVD No. 2 Volume 3: DARK AGE ENGLAND The nation of England can trace its beginnings to the second half of the First Millennium AD. This was the Dark Age, a period of tribal invasions and conflicts when civilization itself seemed to retreat. For many, the terrifying pagan Vikings symbolizes a bleak period of history. But there are shafts of light that illuminate the English Dark Age, as this fascinating program reveals. It was a time of legendary Kings like Arthur, Alfred, and Offa, the builder of the famous dyke. The amazing discovery of the Burial Ship at Sutton Hoo proved that skilled craftsmanship did not die out. The survival of Christianity led to the production of the dazzling Lindisfarne Gospels, and the events of the age are also recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the first great work of English prose. Volume 4: CHINA Human beings have constructed many remarkable monuments, but only one man-made structure can be seen from the surface of the moon. The Great Wall of China remains the greatest creation of a remarkable Asian people, but it is not the only one, as this fascinating program reveals. Beginning with a graphic reconstruction of a Chinese village from seven thousand years ago, the story of the Chinese people is described right up to modern times. The terracotta army of the First Chinese Emperor and Beijing's Forbidden City are just two fabulous treasures created by an ancient nation that continues to flourish today. DVD No. 3 Volume 5: THE CELTS In the First Millennium BC, the tribes known as the Celts were the dominant force on the continent of Europe. In fringe regions like Ireland, the Celtic people continued to flourish long into the Christian Age. These were warriors with a unique way of life, as this fascinating program reveals. Dark religious rituals and a love of bloody fighting were a vital part of their life, and Classical writers condemned what they saw as a barbarian lifestyle. But we now know that Celtic culture was rich and sophisticated. Buried Celtic treasures have revealed their achievement in crafts such as jewelry, while the great legends of Irish literature confirm that epic story-telling was also part of the life of a still-mysterious ancient people. Volume 6: EMPIRES OF AMERICA The American civilizations of the Aztecs and Incas had many features in common. Both flourished before the arrival of the Europeans. Both worshipped the sun. Both built great cities. Both possessed huge amounts of gold and other treasures. And both were wiped out by Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century. This fascinating program reveals the full story of two long-lost nations with expert analysis of their culture, technology and beliefs. The amazing Inca communication system and advanced Aztec farming techniques are just two revelations of a highly sophisticated way of life. Great lost cities like Tenochtitlan and Macchu Piccu also provide dramatic evidence of two nations ultimately doomed to a violent destruction. 2001 Created to give students in the intermediate grades an authentic, atmospheric step back in time to visit the ancient world, these six historical recreations expand on the first two series.

Civil War Minutes, box set - Union, Vol. 1 and 2

The stories behind never-before-seen photographs, letters, artifacts and hundreds of rare paintings and engravings complete the picture of the Civil War in Civil War Minutes - Union. The real lives of ordinary people who leave their homes and families behind to answer duty's call are featured. This documentary explores soldiers' everyday lives through the personal effects they carry into war.

Civil War Life, box set - Shot to Pieces / Left for Dead

Two faces of courage under fire. Civil War Life DVD Box Set tells the inspiring stories of two courageous soldiers who fought in many of the deadliest battles of the American Civil War. Through these biographical documentaries, see how an Ohio schoolteacher and a Harvard student overcome injuries and hardship to fight again and again, winning admiration and respect for their courage and character in battle.

Civil War Life - Left for Dead

Pain, destruction and suffering cannot conquer the infallible Oscar Jackson in Civil War Life - Left for Dead. Jackson fights in some of the deadliest Civil War battles, including the Battle of Corinth where he is blasted in the face with a musket ball. Despite the lingering effects of the bullet lodged in his head, he continues to lead his company until the war ends, later becoming a U.S. Congressman.

Civil War Life - Shot to Pieces

Harvard student William F. Bartlett is hit again and again by Confederate rifle and cannon fire, captured at the Battle of the Crater and survives to find fortune and love. Inspiring young and old alike with its action-packed story of courage and devotion to duty, Civil War Life - Shot to Pieces immerses the viewer in the smoke, gunfire and pathos of America's Civil War.

The Columbus Legacy: The African-Americans -- Politics and the Press

This fifteen-part series, produced in conjunction with the Columbus quincentennial, examines the cultural contributions of distinct ethnic groups that settled in Pennsylvania and imprinted aspects of their heritage on the day-to-day life of the Commonwealth. The first program details the beginning of the Pittsburgh Courier, one of the leading black newspapers in the United States, and its impact on the 1932 presidential election. Print material included. Directed and produced by Betsy Hutton for Penn State Television / WPSX-TV.

The Columbus Legacy: The Germans -- Pennsylvania Socialists

Explains the paradoxical appeal of socialism to basically conservative Pennsylvania Germans in Reading in the first half of the 20th century. Reviews the spread of socialism through the German unions and its effect on local and national politics.

The Columbus Legacy: The Greeks -- The Family Business

Visits a Greek family that operates a fourth-generation candy business to show how the Greek values of tradition and independence enhanced their chances for success in the United States. Also touches on the influence of the Greek Orthodox Church.

The Columbus Legacy: The Irish -- Overcoming Bigotry

Recalls the 1847 founding of a hospital system by the Sisters of Mercy in Pittsburgh to help Irish immigrants living in poverty. Points out how the good works of the Irish sisterhoods helped break down decades of anti-Irish, anti-Catholic sentiment.

The Columbus Legacy: The Italians -- A Changing Neighborhood

Documents the St. Donato's procession, a tradition begun by Italian immigrants in Pennsylvania during the early 1900s, and discusses the network of urban institutions that are being changed as young Italian families move to the suburbs.

The Columbus Legacy: The Jews -- Community Self-Help

Compares the practice of self-help within Pittsburgh's Jewish enclave, as demonstrated in the effort to help Soviet Jews today, with the response of German Jews to the flood of poorer, less-educated Eastern Europeans in the late 19th century.

The Columbus Legacy: The Koreans -- A Middle-Class Migration

Shows how changes in U.S. immigration laws during the 1960s allowed a unique middle-class migration of professional and skilled Koreans to emigrate to America and make a fresh start. Focuses on one family's success in the dry-cleaning business.

The Columbus Legacy: The Native-Americans -- First Encounter

Explores the pre-Columbian life of the Lenape Indians and their first contact with Europeans. James "Lone Bear" Revey recounts the tribe's creation myth and describes the Walking Purchase of 1737, a land hoax perpetuated by William Penn's sons.

The Columbus Legacy: The Poles -- The Parish and the Immigrant

Analyzes the importance of the church for Polish immigrants, including the key role the parish and the priest fulfill as the moral authority, educational center, and social locus for thousands of Polish-Americans and their families.

The Columbus Legacy: The Slovaks -- Insuring the American Dream

Examines the Slovak community in Pennsylvania through the involvement of football Hall of Famer Chuck Bednarik with a sokol, a beneficial insurance society that also provides sports activities and that represents a powerful force in Slovak life.

The Columbus Legacy: The Swedes -- Corporate Nomads

Takes a look at how Swedes who must relocate continually as part of their jobs have difficulty maintaining their heritage. Also offers an introduction to the Swedish influence in Pennsylvania before the arrival of William Penn.

The Columbus Legacy: The Vietnamese -- A Refugee Journey

War footage, photographs, and interviews are combined to depict Vietnamese immigrants as refugees from a war-torn country, to show their processing at Fort Indiantown Gap, and to portray their successful adaptation to life in the United States.

The Columbus Legacy: The Welsh -- Music from the Mines

Conductor Carlton Jones Lake notes that vertical harmony began in Wales during the 14th century and that Welsh miners taught each other to sing using their hands. Lake leads members of the Minersville Congregational Church in a traditional hymn sing.

Hedeby: The Salvage of a Viking Ship

Details the excavation of a Viking ship from the harbor of Hedeby, a German seaport. In 1979, Schloss Gottorf, the local provincial museum, began construction of a cofferdam to enable the underwater site to be excavated. This program covers all aspects of the project: constructing the cofferdam, excavating the site, preserving and transporting artifacts, analyzing plant and animal remains, and mapping the harbor area. Produced by the Institut fur den Wissenschaftlichen Film. (ENGLISH NARR)

This Constitution: A History -- Prayer In the Classroom

This series takes a chronological and conceptual approach in presenting the philosophical origins, drafting, and interpretation of the U.S. Constitution and its effect on American society. The first program describes the controversial efforts to bring prayer into the public schools and discusses the conflict between the Free Exercise Clause and the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. Outlines several Supreme Court cases on the establishment of religion, including Cantwell v. Connecticut, Engel v. Vitale, and Wallace v. Jeffree. Produced by the International University Consortium and Project '87.

This Constitution: A History -- South Carolina and the United States

Surveys and analyzes the arrangement by which the national government and the state governments divide sovereignty and share the responsibility for public safety and well-being. Focusing on South Carolina, the program examines the complex and shiftingpolitical forces and social and economic interests that have shaped the American state government system from its origins to the 1980s.

This Constitution: A History -- The Federal City

Portrays the development of Washington, D.C., as the U.S. capital and shows how its development embodies the principles of constitutionalism. Covers the history of the city and explores the extent to which changes in it have mirrored changes in the scope of the federal government's involvement in domestic and world affairs.

This Constitution: A History -- The Pursuit of Equality

Considers the nature and historical development of the idea of equality in the specific context of federal civil rights policies of the past twenty years. Examines Brown v. Board of Education, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, Title VII, and the creation of the Equal Opportunity Commission. Also includes a discussion of racial discrimination and the direction of affirmative action.

This Constitution: A History -- The Rise and Fall of Prohibition

Looks at one of the most controversial episodes in the history of the American Constitution: the attempt to regulate alcohol consumption through an amendment to the Constitution. Operates on three levels: A concern with the historical tension between social demands and constitutional authority; a case study in constitutional politics -- the effort to use the authority of the Constitution to secure certain political goals; and an investigation of how a constitution retains its legitimacy in times of massive social change.

While Soldiers Fought: War and American Society -- A Hometown at War

This series examines the impact of war on American society from historical, literary, artistic, and philosophical perspectives. The first program is a study of the impact a large World War II defense plant continues to have on the residents and lifestyle of a small town. Produced by the International University Consortium.

While Soldiers Fought: War and American Society -- For God and Country

A look at the way in which children and teachers contrast traditional American ethical and religious values with the heroic images of soldiers and combat.

While Soldiers Fought: War and American Society -- Private Yankee Doodle

A view of the rigorous camp life of a Revolutionary War soldier, underscoring the evolving perceptions of warfare from the 18th to the 20th centuries. Also see Private Yankee Doodle: A Dialogue on Early American Military Life (36106).

While Soldiers Fought: War and American Society -- Soldiers' Story

A multifaceted interpretation of soldiers' experiences, featuring the works of some of the century's best American novelists, cartoonists, and journalists.

While Soldiers Fought: War and American Society -- The Artist at War

A kaleidoscopic approach to America's interpretations of war through 200 years of works by such famous artists as John Trumball and Winslow Homer.

While Soldiers Fought: War and American Society -- Winning the War on Film

An analysis of wartime propaganda featuring Frank Capra's Prelude to War (50104) and John Huston's The Battle of San Pietro (31245).

Century of Progress

This 20-minute film begins with a brief overview of the founding of the American Sociological Society, ASA's pre-1959 name, acknowledging the organization's inclusion of applied, action-oriented social reformers as well as pure-theoretical-academic scholars. The documentary continues with a review of each of the successive presidents of the Society. An image of each president is accompanied by a brief statement to reflect one of their core ideas or observations. For deceased presidents, the statements are based upon either their presidential address or an idea commonly associated with them. For example, the statement with Edward A. Ross (1914) reads, "Society is sewn together by inner conflicts"; Mirra Komarovsky (1973), is associated with "Challenge the ideology of domesticity"; and Erving Goffman (1982), is known for "Observe the drama of everyday life."

Blood and Oil: The Middle East in World War I

Except for the Dardanelles/Gallipoli campaigns, the extensive combat operations in the Middle East during World War I have been largely overlooked in documentary programs. Given the historical significance of the Ottoman Empire's demise in 1918, and the ongoing importance of Middle Eastern oil reserves to Western economies, a close study of this conflict provides two important lessons: 1.The Treaty of Versailles, agreed to by the Western Powers in 1919, paved the way for military and political chaos in the Middle East, which continues to this very day. 2.Oil reserves in the Middle East became an important strategic concern for Western Powers, helping to justify their economic, diplomatic and military interference in the region. After the end of World War I, most of the Ottoman Empire was carved up into "spheres of influence", controlled mostly by the British and French. The remaining territories became the modern state of Turkey in 1923 - after a five-year struggle by Turkish nationalists against Western domination. With little regard for cultural, historical, religious and demographic considerations, the West sponsored the creation of several new nations: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Thus, a "tinderbox" was built from Western greed, igniting a multitude of wars, revolts, coups and military occupations that truly have made the defeat of the Ottoman Empire little more than a hollow victory.

World War 1- American Legacy

WW I-American Legacy vividly tells the many forgotten stories of the men and women who survived the Great War, reminding Americans of their impact on our country that can still be felt today. From the summer of 1914 to November 1918, the Great War cost over 14 million lives, devastated entire countries and destroyed countless architectural landmarks. The war also led to important developments in literature, technology, music, and social equality that have shaped the culture of 21st century America. Filmed in high definition and full of period music, photographs, and monuments, this documentary includeds rare images that have never been seen before on screen bringing extreme detail of the Great War to life. Narrated by David Carradine

Malcolm X

Mike Wallace profiles Malcolm X, the man considered one of black America's most influential leaders, and interviews those who knew him. Produced by CBS for "60 Minutes."

The Miracle Planet: 2 -- The Heat Within

Studies one of the Earth's most extraordinary phenomena: the continuous release of intense heat from its interior 4.6 billion years after its formation. Explains that this venting process helped to create continents and oceans, and that it continues to alter the face of the globe.

The Miracle Planet: 3 -- Life from the Sea

Looks at the most prominent feature of Earth as seen from space: oceans that cover two-thirds of the planet. Examines an Australian tidal sea and limestone mountains in China to show how living organisms created an atmospheric balance crucial to development of life on land.

The Miracle Planet: 4 -- Patterns in the Air

Explains how the slow development of a thin layer of ozone during billions of years transformed barren continents, once seared by the sun's deadly rays, into verdant forests and fertile prairies. Points out that changes in the atmosphere today continue to affect all life on the planet.

The Miracle Planet: 5 -- Riddles of Sand and Ice

Documents the dramatic changes in climate the Earth has undergone; tropical plants once grew at the South Pole and cave drawings show agricultural abundance in the Sahara Desert. Ponders what sorts of climatic metamorphoses might occur on Earth in the future.

The Miracle Planet: 6 -- The Home Planet

Examines the prospects for future life on an Earth where the dominant human species has affected and has been affected by Earth's forces. Emphasizes the point that it is up to humankind to guarantee the Earth's ability to continue to support life.

Understanding the Civil Rights Movement

Learn about the chain of events that led to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. This video vividly illustrates how Black Americans struggled to overcome the constraints of a segregated society. Historic footage and powerful visuals provide images that will allow students to witness a turbulent era of their nation's history. ©2000 2 VHS video tapes

Understanding World War I

Learn about the animosities and mounting tensions that led to the first truly global war. Understand how alliances were formed and see how quickly hostilities escalated. Examine the initial stance of the United States and its peace-loving president and discover what finally convinced America to join forces with the European Allies. Woodrow Wilson's determination to form an international organization to mediate international disputes is discussed. Consider how Germany's humiliation at the end of the Great War laid the foundation for another worldwide conflict. ©2001

Understanding Japan

Discover the ancient mysteries and traditions of Japan while you become immersed in the history and culture of the "Land of the Rising Sun." You'll also learn about important changes that have occurred in Japan over the course of the past few centuries. ©1997

Booker T. Washington: Life and Legacy

Booker T. Washington was a controversial figure in his own time. He was committed to educating southern Blacks and to helping them find the key to a better life. Through his own tireless efforts, Washington built one of the finest and most successful educational institutions in America. ©1982

Adventures of Ulysses

Follow Ulysses, the craftiest of Homer's heroes, as he invents the Trojan horse, struggles to return home, and triumphs over his wife's suitors. ©1991 2 VHS video tapes

The Aeneid

Virgil's epic of the founding of Rome begins with the fall of Troy and the journeys of the Trojan prince, Aeneas. ©1991 2 VHS video tapes

America's Multicultural Heritage

The United States has been called a "melting pot" because of the various cultural backgrounds of its inhabitants. A variety of multicultural influences are examined in this timely program. ©1996

Anne Frank and the Holocaust

A thirteen-year-old, fun-loving, Jewish girl is suddenly required to go into hiding in Nazi-controlled Holland during World War II to try to avoid death. Students learn how she and seven others had to adapt to a very different lifestyle for two years in a secret annex. Adolf Hitler and concentration camps are discussed. ©1999

Naming the Nightmare: The Journey Back from 9/11 Parts 1- 4

©2002 Produced by Betsy Hutton Part 1: Terrorism What conditions give rise to terrorism? This program explores the historical background of terrorism, the Reign of Terror, the assassin phenomenon and how terrorim is a global issue. Part 2: Understanding Islam Islam is the fastest growing world religion. An estimated 1.2 billion people in the world are Muslim. Learn about the history of Muhammad and the spread of Islam, the five pillars of Islam and the development of Islam as a political force. Part 3: Waging War The American government is waging a two-front war on terrorism at home and abroad. On the battlefield, new technology, and tactics and an elusive target are changing the way we fight wars. At home, security precautions are raising concerns about civil liberties. Part 4: People Who Keep Us Safe Firefighters, police and rescue workers risk their lives every day. The CDC scrambles to keep up with the latest in bio-warfare. The FBI and CIA analyze clues and conduct surveillance to prevent terroristic threats. Find out how they develop new strategies and why they are committed to their work.

Taj Mahal: The Story of Muslim India

For more than 300 years, the Taj Mahal has stood as the symbol of the rich court life of the Moghuls and of Shah Jahan's love for his wife. ©1990

The Holocaust: A History

Jewish people have been the victims of discrimination for thousands of years, but during no period in history were they as victimized as they were during the Nazi Holocaust. Learn about the historical struggle of the Jewish people. Understand what motivated Hitler and discover how he rose to power. Witness the ramifications of Hitler's "New Order" of Aryan Predominance and learn about what happened on Kristallnacht. See how Hitler put his plan to annihilate European Jews into motion, and learn about the raw horror that results from intolerance and from fear of diversity. ©2001

Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in professional baseball. He spent his major league career playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers and breaking many records. Upon retiring from professional baseball, Jackie became an advocate in the civil rights movement and was on the NAACP Board of Directors. See how he changed the 20th century . ©2002 .

Jesse Jackson

The Reverend Jesse Jackson is a civil rights activist and heavily involved in politics. He founded Operation Breadbasket, P.U.S.H., and the National Rainbow Coalition. In 1984 and 1988, he lost the presidential candidacy for the Democratic Party. Since then, he has been a U.S. Senator and made himself available to help settle disputes with other nations. Find out how he gained a nation's respect and became known as the "Conscience of the Nation." ©2002

Malcolm X

After serving prison time, Malcolm X became a spokesman for the Nation of Islam and drastically increased its membership. He promoted complete segregation of whites and African-Americans and he was the founding symbol of the Black Militant Movement. Learn what events in his life changed his view on segregation and his religion. ©2002

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the most influential leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. He believed in equal treatment of all races. He initiated peaceful protests throughout the South and founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). In 1964, he was named Time magazine's Man of the Year and awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Learn about his life and how he died for his beliefs. ©2002

Thurgood Marshall

Thurgood Marshall changed laws effecting civil rights from the inside. He was a legal director of the NAACP. He successfully litigated Brown vs. the Board of Education, among many other civil rights cases. He was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals by Kennedy before making history as the first African-American Supreme Court Justice. See what he did to change how we interact with each other. ©2002

Weapons for the Ancestors

Weapons for the Ancestors focuses on the metal arts of the Shona people of Zimbabwe. It examines iron-smithing and iron-smelting practices from a historical perspective as well as through modern reenactment of ancient techniques. The program further explains how ceremonial knives and axes are of central importance to Shona society. Learn why these Weapons for the Ancestors are, in fact, the Shonas' major form of artistic expression and embody many cultural values unique to these African peoples.

Conserving the Constitution: A Documentary of the Steps Performed to Conserve Original Documents

William Anthony, internationally renowned bookbinder and master conservator who has restored documents dating back to the 14th century, leads you through the fascinating process of document restoration. The intricate steps include thorough examination of the document and a plan for its treatment, removal of the Constitution's binding, dry cleaning, washing and deacidification, repair of tears and weaknesses in the paper, creation of new paper, treatment of leather binding, sewing the pages, and rebacking the binding using the original boards.

Civil War Life - Left for Dead

Pain, destruction and suffering cannot conquer the infallible Oscar Jackson in Civil War Life - Left for Dead. Jackson fights in some of the deadliest Civil War battles, including the Battle of Corinth where he is blasted in the face with a musket ball. Despite the lingering effects of the bullet lodged in his head, he continues to lead his company until the war ends, later becoming a U.S. Congressman.

Civil War Life - Shot to Pieces

Judy Maltz No. 4 Street of Our Lady

HOME RIGHTS USE The documentary film, No. 4 Street of Our Lady, tells the story of Francisca Halamajowa, a Polish-Catholic woman who hid 16 of her Jewish neighbors during World War II. Judy Maltz, one of the filmmakers and a senior lecturer Penn State, discusses the making of the film as well as her personal connection to this inspirational tale. From the Conversations with Penn State Series featuring Patty Satalia

Judy Maltz No. 4 Street of Our Lady

CLASSROOM LIBRARY RIGHTS The documentary film, No. 4 Street of Our Lady, tells the story of Francisca Halamajowa, a Polish-Catholic woman who hid 16 of her Jewish neighbors during World War II. Judy Maltz, one of the filmmakers and a senior lecturer Penn State, discusses the making of the film as well as her personal connection to this inspirational tale. From the Conversations with Penn State Series featuring Patty Satalia

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